What are corns and calluses? Causes,Treatment, Definition, Diagnosis,

What are corns and calluses? Corns and calluses are annoying and potentially painful conditions that form thickened areas in the skin in areas of excessive pressure. The medical term for the thickened skin that forms corns and calluses is hyperkeratosis (plural=hyperkeratoses). A callus refers to a more diffuse, flattened area of thick skin, while a corn is a thick, localized area that usually has a popular, conical or circular shape. Corns, also known as helomas…

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"What are corns and calluses? Causes,Treatment, Definition, Diagnosis,"

Ciguatera fish poisoning- Origin,Definition,Causes,Diagnosis,Symptoms,Risk Factors,Prevention,Treatment…Ect..!

Overview – Ciguatera fish poisoning Ciguatera fish poisoning (CFP) is a rare disorder that occurs because of the ingestion of certain contaminated tropical and subtropical fish. When ingested, the toxin (ciguatoxin), which is present at high levels in these contaminated fish, may affect the digestive, muscular, and/or neurological systems. More than 400 different species of fish have been implicated as a cause of ciguatera fish poisoning, including many that are otherwise considered edible (i.e., sea…

"Ciguatera fish poisoning- Origin,Definition,Causes,Diagnosis,Symptoms,Risk Factors,Prevention,Treatment…Ect..!"

PNEUMONIA- Origin,Definition,Causes,Diagnosis,Symptoms,Risk Factors,Prevention,Treatment…Ect..!

Definition Pneumonia is an infection in one or both lungs. It can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi. Bacterial pneumonia is the most common type in adults. Pneumonia causes inflammation in the air sacs in your lungs, which are called alveoli. The alveoli fill with fluid or pus, making it difficult to breathe. Normal air sacs and pneumonia affected air sacs History Pneumonia has been a common disease throughout human history. The word is…

"PNEUMONIA- Origin,Definition,Causes,Diagnosis,Symptoms,Risk Factors,Prevention,Treatment…Ect..!"

SALMONELLA INFECTION (Salmonellosis) -Origin,Definition,Causes,Diagnosis,Symptoms,Risk Factors,Prevention,Treatment…Ect..!

Definition Salmonella infection (salmonellosis) is a common bacterial disease that affects the intestinal tract. Salmonella bacteria typically live in animal and human intestines and are shed through feces. Humans become infected most frequently through contaminated water or food. Types Salmonella is divided into two groups: Typhoidal Salmonella, which is made up of bacterial strains that cause typhoid fever or paratyphoid fever, including Salmonella Typhi, Paratyphi A, Paratyphi B, and Paratyphi C Non-typhoidal Salmonella, which includes…

"SALMONELLA INFECTION (Salmonellosis) -Origin,Definition,Causes,Diagnosis,Symptoms,Risk Factors,Prevention,Treatment…Ect..!"

PLAGUE-Origin,Definition,Causes,Diagnosis,Symptoms,Risk Factors,Prevention,Treatment…Ect..!

Definition Plague is an infectious disease caused by bacteria called Yersinia pestis. These bacteria are found mainly in rodents, particularly rats, and in the fleas that feed on them. Other animals and humans usually contract the bacteria from rodent or flea bites. SEM image of Yersinia pestis History Historically, plague destroyed entire civilizations. In the 1300s, the “Black Death,” as it was called, killed approximately one-third (20 to 30 million) of Europe’s population. In the…

"PLAGUE-Origin,Definition,Causes,Diagnosis,Symptoms,Risk Factors,Prevention,Treatment…Ect..!"

BRUCELLOSIS – Origin,Definition,Causes,Diagnosis,Symptoms,Risk Factors,Prevention,Treatment…Ect..!

Definition Brucellosis is an infectious disease caused by a type of bacteria called Brucella. The bacteria can spread from animals to humans. There are several different strains of Brucella bacteria. Some types are seen in cows. Others occur in dogs, pigs, sheep, goats, and camels. Recently, scientists have seen new strains in the red fox and certain marine animals, including seals. Brucella organisms, which are small aerobic intracellular coccobacilli, localize in the reproductive organs of…

"BRUCELLOSIS – Origin,Definition,Causes,Diagnosis,Symptoms,Risk Factors,Prevention,Treatment…Ect..!"

TRACHOMA – Origin,Definition,Causes,Diagnosis,Symptoms,Risk Factors,Prevention,Treatment…Ect..!

Definition Trachoma is a contagious bacterial infection which affects the conjunctival covering of the eye, the cornea, and the eyelids. It is often associated with poverty and lack of proper hygiene. Trachoma is caused by the Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria and is essentially totally preventable and curable. It is the leading infectious cause of blindness in the world. Trachoma eye History The disease is one of the earliest known eye afflictions, having been identified in Egypt…

"TRACHOMA – Origin,Definition,Causes,Diagnosis,Symptoms,Risk Factors,Prevention,Treatment…Ect..!"

LYME DISEASE-Origin,Definition,Causes,Diagnosis,Symptoms,Risk Factors,Prevention,Treatment…Ect..!

Definition Lyme disease is caused by a bacteria, Borrelia burgdorferi, that’s transmitted to humans through a bite from an infected black-legged or deer tick. Symptoms can occur anywhere from 3 to 30 days after the bite, and symptoms can be wide-ranging, depending on the stage of the infection. Lyme disease The chances you might get Lyme disease from a tick bite depend on the kind of tick, where you were when the bite occurred, and…

"LYME DISEASE-Origin,Definition,Causes,Diagnosis,Symptoms,Risk Factors,Prevention,Treatment…Ect..!"

CELLULITIS – Origin,Definition,Causes,Diagnosis,Symptoms,Risk Factors,Prevention,Treatment…Ect..!

Definition Cellulitis is a bacterial infection that affects the skin as well as the soft tissues under the surface of the skin. This kind of an infection usually occurs when bacteria enter normal or broken skin and start spreading under the skin into the soft tissues. This causes inflammation and infection in the affected parts of the skin. Cellulitis can either be caused by exogenous bacteria or even by the normal flora of the skin.…

"CELLULITIS – Origin,Definition,Causes,Diagnosis,Symptoms,Risk Factors,Prevention,Treatment…Ect..!"

NOCARDIOSIS – Origin,Definition,Causes,Diagnosis,Symptoms,Risk Factors,Prevention,Treatment…Ect..!

Definition Nocardiosis is a rare infection caused by the Nocardia asteroides bacterium. This type of bacteria can be found in the soil and water of regions around the world. People may become infected with this bacteria when they inhale it or when the bacteria enter an open wound. The infection can’t be spread from one person to another. Microscopic view of Nocardia asteroides Nocardiosis most commonly occurs in the lungs, but it may spread to…

"NOCARDIOSIS – Origin,Definition,Causes,Diagnosis,Symptoms,Risk Factors,Prevention,Treatment…Ect..!"